ECON 101  Principles of Microeconomics

Economics is the study of how people interact with each other, and with the natural environment, in producing their livelihoods. This course is an introduction to the basic principles of microeconomics, which analyzes the choices and actions of the economic actors as both self-interested and ethical. This course covers capitalist revolution; the effects of technological change; scarcity and opportunity cost; social interactions; the effect of institutions on balance of power; interactions among firm’s owners, managers and employees; profit maximizing firm’s interaction with its customers; supply, demand, and market equilibrium; market disequilibrium in credit and labor markets; market failures.

SFL 1013  Second Foreign Languages I

ENG 101  Academic Skills in English I

ENG 101 is a compulsory course for freshman students. ENG 101 focuses on the cognitive skills of reading, writing, listening and speaking. The course uses current reading and listening texts and focuses on how to understand relevant parts of a text, how to read quickly and effectively, how to relate different ideas from multiple texts and how to use texts as sources for an output task. In speaking and writing, the course focuses on using sources, paraphrasing, quoting, summarizing and synthesizing. The students will learn how to write coherent, concise, informative or persuasive responses to writing questions supporting their point of view.

MATH 101  Calculus I

Functions. Limit and continuity, Derivative and Applications.

TURK 100  Turkish

Students will be taught how to use the written and verbal communication tools accurately and efficiently in this course. Various types of verbal and written statements will be examined through a critical point of view by doing exercises on understanding, telling, reading, and writing. Punctuation and spelling rules, which are basis of written statement, will be taught and accurate usage of these rules for efficient and strong expression will be provided. As for verbal statement, students will be taught how to use the body language, use accent and intonation elaborately, and use presentation techniques.

IUE 100  Academic and Social Orientation

Presentation of Administrative Units, Academic Units and Student Clubs

POOL 002  GEC-Natural and Life Sciences

PSIR 203  Diplomatic History I

Diplomatic History focuses on nations, states, politics, decisionmakers and their interactions and conflicts through the ages. It is the study of international relations between states or across state boundaries and is the most important form of history. PSIR 203 Diplomatic History I classes cover the 1492-1918 period in international relations.

PSIR 205  History of Political Thought

The course will take the form of an intensive, analytical reading of some of the seminal texts of European political philosophy. Among the thinkers to be studied are Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes and Locke. The key concepts to be investigated are justice, citizenship, freedom, power, sovereignty, state and legitimacy. By way of conclusion the French, American and UN declarations of human rights are to be read and assessed.

PSIR 201  History and Institutions of European Unions

The course consists of the following aspects: (1) overview of the different political and economical integration steps, (2) overview of the different enlargements of the EU, (3) analysis of the positions and interests of key actors in the integration process, (4) analysis of external and internal constraining factors of political action, (5) overview of the main EU institutions, (6) analysis of competences and influence of these institutions in specific policy areas such as the Single Market, the Common Agricultural Policy, Trade Policy, Common Foreign and Security Policy and Enlargement of the EU.

PSIR 207  Introduction to Political Science

The course explores main subjects; the meanings of concepts of politics, power, legitimacy and authority; the emergence of modern state; nationalism; modern political ideologies; different government styles such as democracy and authoritarianism; political culture; organization ad mechanisms of legislative and executive branches; political parties and interest groups.

SFL 201  Second Foreign Languages III

POOL 006  GEC- Social Awareness and Ethics

PSIR 303  Research Methods

The course introduces students to different research method techniques in political science. Students will become familiar with terms such as hypothesis, dependent/independent/control variables, data, comparative methods, surveys and discourse analysis.

PSIR 307  International Political Economy

Please advised that plagiarism of any kind will not be tolerated. If you are caught plagiarizing, you will be given a grade of “0” for that assignment. Continous plagiarism will lead to an overall grade reduction for the class. The Attendance and Participation grade will be assigned based on (1) your physical presence in class and (2) your contribution to the class discussion regarding the required reading materials for the week. Please be advised that students will be chosen arbitrarily to contribute their thoughts on the assignments and that all students should come to class ready and prepared to make comments. Class Assignments will consist of short homeworks designed to familiarize you with basic concepts in the field. All assignments are due no later than 1 week from the assigned date and are to be handed in to me at your assigned class hour. One letter grade will be deducted for each late assignment and no late homeworks will be accepted 1 week after the due date. There will also be three unannounced short quizzes during the semester where students will be tested on their basic knowledge of the lessons that were taught in class. The quizzes consist of 10 short questions and are in multiple choice, true/false and fill in the blanks format. There will be no make up quizzes, those students that fail to take the quiz will receive a grade of “0”. You are also expected to have a 30 minute group presentation in class on a selected topic. Groups and topics will be assigned to you in the upcoming weeks. If class time is not enough for all student presentations then a make-up class will be scheduled so that all of the students may present their topics. Please come to class prepared with handouts and a printed version of your presentation for my records. Although the group will present as one, your presentation grades will be given individually. Please be advised that there is a minimum attendance requirement. Those students failing to be present in 70% of the classes will be given a grade of “NA” for the course and will not be allowed to take the final examination. This policy is non-negotiable and the student is responsible for keeping track of absences.

PSIR 305  Foreign Policy Analysis

The first part of the course will introduce the key actors, structures and processes of foreign policy. It will also discuss the main theories of decision-making and international politics. The second part of the course will deal with diplomacy, including public diplomacy, in terms of how it emerged and evolved.

PSIR 301  Contemporary Issues in Turkish Politics

This course seeks to familiarize students with the main issues around which politics revolves in Turkey during the post1980 period. Using scholarly work conducted on different dimensions of politics in Turkey, special attention will be paid to the discussion of the issues of the consolidation of democracy, civil society, secularism, the rise of Islam, nationalism, identity politics, socioeconomic changes and modernity in order to be able to capture the essence of the changing nature of Turkish politics. Another aim of this course is to help students develop their analytical thinking, critical reading and writing skills.

ST 202  Summer Training (2 weeks)

Internship, covers field experience at any work place. Students should follow the instructions stated in IUE Internship Guide in order to successfully complete their internships.

ENG 410  English for Career Development

In order to equip the students with necessary skills for the processes they will be faced following graduation, the course simulates the whole job application process which entails finding a job ad announcement, writing a CV and a cover letter for the ad they find, and finally being interviewed for the job. Assuming that they have successfully passed their interviews, the course then focuses on the skills and knowledge they will need in their work environment.

PSIR 204  Diplomatic History II

Diplomatic History focuses on nations, states, politics, decisionmakers and their interactions and conflicts through the ages. It is the study of international relations between states or across state boundaries and is the most important form of history. Diplomatic History II classes cover the period of 1919-1991 in international relations.

PSIR 206  Ethics and Politics: Modern Political Thought

The course will take the form of an intensive, analytical reading of some of the seminal texts of the European tradition of political philosophy, written by some of its most influential thinkers. Particular attention will be paid to the principal concepts that structure European political thinking and its vision of the state, civil society, freedom, democracy, citizenship and justice. Among the political philosophers to be studied are Rousseau, Kant, Mill, Marx, Marcuse, and Rawls.

SFL 202  Second Foreign Languages IV

PSIR 208  Introduction to International Relations

This course will be mainly carried out through lectures and assigned readings. There will be one mid-term exam (40%) and one final exam (45%). The exams will measure students’ knowledge and understanding of topics explained during lectures, plus the content of the assigned readings. Student attendance in lectures is compulsory and it will be graded in combination with participation in class discussion (15%). This means each absence in lectures will be resulting in loss of points out of attendance grade.

PSIR 202  Turkish Politics

The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the historical background, structure, actors, ideology and dynamics of Turkish politics. Topics to be covered include the historical background, the early republican period, the singleparty rule, transition to the multiparty period and the Democratic Party rule, the 1960 military intervention and the political context of the 1960s and 1970s.

POOL 007  GEC-Innovation and Entreprenuership

HIST 100  Principles of Atatürk and History of Revolution

This course provides a general information of the events from the end of the 19. century until the end of the Turkish War of Independence and the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 and the following period until 1990’s.

ECON 102  Principles of Macroeconomics

This course is intended to introduce the students to some basic macroeconomic concepts, with special emphasis on economic growth, inflation and unemployment. Credit market transactions, the determination of interest rates, the functions of money, banks and a nation's central bank are discussed. Current problems of inflation and unemployment are explored and the tools available to the government to deal with these economic problems, and their limitations are analyzed. This course analyzes trends in living standards in the long-run and economic fluctuations in the short-run. The effects of production and distribution of goods and services on environment are discussed. The course also covers the concepts of economic inequality and networked economy.

ENG 102  Academic Skills in English II

ENG 102 is a compulsory course for first year students. ENG 102 focuses on the cognitive skills of listening, reading, writing and speaking. Students' academic listening skills will be improved by listening to important / relevant information from lectures or discussions and reading skills by reading recent academic texts and then using this information to create an output task. Speaking focuses on giving presentations and students get prepared to express their ideas and opinions by speaking persuasively and coherently. The writing component is a consolidation of the speaking activities.

SFL 1024  Second Foreign Languages II

POOL 004  GEC- Social Sciences B: Humanities and Social Sciences

POOL 005  GEC- Social Sciences C: Arts and Communication

PSIR 304  Theories of International Relations

In this course the discipline of International Relations will be handled in the framework of different theories, its philosophical foundations, main assumptions, basic problems and its answers to those problems. Discussed theoretical approaches will be applied to historical and contemporary events. For the additional readings and announcements, please visit blackboard.

PSIR 306  Turkish Foreign Policy

This course is designed to introduce the students to the basics of Turkey’s foreign policy. The course will cover the period of 1919-2001 in the history of Turkish Foreign Policy and analyze the different eras of foreign policy-making of the Republic of Turkey with periods of “relative autonomy” and “attachment to the Western World”, and in a fnal chapter “the post-Soviet years” in a global world.

PSIR 302  Comparative Politics

The course is designed as to specialise students through a problem-based learning process in the comparative study of different political systems, with academic sources in English as main references. It familiarises the students with basic concepts, categories and analytical techniques specific for this field.

LAW 308  International Law

International law will be offered as an indispensable and complementary tool of analyses in pursuit of a correct and comprehensive view of often simplified, but nevertheless highly complex occurrences in international relations.International Law II intends to introduce and outline the various subjects regulated by the contemporary rules of international law. A broad range matters is going to be discussed and illustrated through explanations and cases from the practice of international relations. The subjects to be reviewed include the international law of the sea, international law of armed conflicts, international law of human rights, international environmental law. The course also aims to discuss the disputes between States that are related to the said subjects.

ENG 310  Essential Speaking Skills in English

ENG 310 is a compulsory course for third year students and is designed to enable them to speak more effectively while expressing themselves in a variety of areas, such as business related and academic related topics. These areas range from participating in discusiions to presenting information in the form of short presentations, known as Pecha Kuchas. Students will also take part in role plays and formal debates.

ST 302  Summer Training (2 weeks)

Internship, covers field experience at any work place. Students should follow the instructions stated in IUE Internship Guide in order to successfully complete their internships.

Elective Courses

PSIR 300  Current Issues in European Politics

This course first explores indicators and reasons for the rising Euroscepticism across the EU. Subsequently, it analyses how a better policy performance in various policy areas may contribute to rebuild public support for the EU. To this end, in each policy area, current problems and proposals for solution are examined. Regarding teaching methods, this course emphasizes a student-activating teaching, with students working together in groups, both in classroom and virtual in discussion forums on Blackboard, supported by the instructor.

PSIR 309  International Organizations

In this course, major international organizations will be explained in terms of historical and theoretical perspectives. In addition, the course examines the contribution of the international organizations in the areas of security, human rights and humanitarian issues, development and trade, and environment. The students are expected (1) to read the assignments, (2) get involved in the debates on the course themes and produce presentations on themes indicated by the instructor, (3) internalise analytically the information provided throughout the course and in the academic bibliography, and (4) produce coherent answers to relevant questions in the midterm and final exams. The following is a tentative schedule for this semester.

PSIR 310  Caucasus in International Politics

Caucasus in International Politics classes analyze the demographic, political and economic dynamics of the Caucasian isthmus, with a particular emphasis on the regional powers’ foreign policies towards the region.

PSIR 312  Turkey - EU Relations

Evolution of the political, economic and legal dimensions in the historical evolution of Turkey-EU relations in a comparative perspective.

PSIR 320  Middle Eastern Politics

The course will begin with a historical overview of the remapping of the Middle East. In addition a comparative historical analysis will help to locate the Middle East within the larger world historical context. Finally, a review of contemporary developments in world politics will provide information on major conceptual issues such as Orientalism, the rise of political Islam, Islamophobia and more.

PSIR 330  Ottoman Diplomatic History

Evaluation of the political, military, economic, social and financial dynamics in the Ottoman power and decline in a comparative perspective with the European Great Powers

PSIR 340  Globalization and the World System

The course will begin with a comparative evaluation of various theoretical approaches towards globalization. The next task will be to focus on the major structural changes generated by globalization which also consists of the basic conceptual instruments necessary for further analysis. Following an issue based overview, the course will be completed with a brief discussion of the world systems approach as an alternative perspective.

PSIR 350  Neighbourhood Policy of the EU

The course is designed as to refine student’s training in the field of European studies through familiarisation with political developments in the EU neighbourhood. The focus of the course is on the developments related to the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The students are expected (1) to read the assignments, (2) get involved in the debates on the course themes, (3) prepare detailed presentations on topics indicated by the instructor and (4) produce high-quality papers for the midterm and final exams (take-home exams) on the basis of the information provided throughout the course about the ENP.

PSIR 360  Current Issues in Turkish Foreign Policy

This course is designed to provide a historical and critical overview of contemporary Turkish foreign policy.

PSIR 370  Diplomatic Correspondence

This course introduces the students the meaning of Diplomacy, the diplomatic language and the types of diplomatic correspondence (signed note, verbal note, circular note, aide memoire etc.) with practical class work in writing and studying diplomatic letters. The course will also help the students who aim diplomacy as a mission, become familiar to the diplomatic culture and public diplomacy. The course will be conducted on the mode of lecture and seminar in which the students will be required to be active with writing notes and reporting on the countries they choose in the International Expertise Project.

PSIR 380  Regional Policy in the EU

This course examines the origins, evolution and the current state of socioeconomic cohesion policies and the challenges posed to EU integration.

PSIR 390  American Foreign Policy

The course introduces students to the historical evolution and traditions of American foreign policy. The course will also focus on the current issues and problems in American foreign policy. You have to prepare and present a policy brief (approx. 2000 - 2500 words) on a contemporary issue in American foreign policy. It will be a group project. Your groups and issues will be assigned by lecturer in the first couple weeks of the semester. More information will be provided about policy briefs during the semester. Additional readings and announcement about the course will be done via Blogy ( Attendance will be taken randomly.

PSIR 400  Conflict Resolution

The course will focus on why groups and states go to war with each other and how global and domestic actors resolve such conflicts. The course will also emphasıze the nature of nonmilitary conflicts and ways of solving them.

PSIR 410  Theories of European Integration

The course is designed as to refine student’s capacities as to analyse developments related to the EU through familiarisation with the analytical value of the main theories of European integration. The students are expected (1) to read the assignments, (2) get involved in the debates on the course themes and (3) produce analytical work on the basis of the information provided throughout the course about European integration theories.

PSIR 411  European Union Politics

This course examines the different aspects of EU politics and polity in terms of different theoretical approaches.

PSIR 420  International Migration

The course consists of the following aspects: (1) Overview of migration theories (2) Overview of different migration movements: labour migration, refugees, irregular migration (3) Analysis of national and international migration management (4) Overview of different integration concepts (5) Analysis of socioeconomic and cultural aspects of integration.

PSIR 422  Energy Politics

The international nature of energy issues requires energy minors to be familiar with the effective international energy policies in the world. The energy security and geopolitics become the most widely discussed concepts on the supply side at times when resources are diminishing; the economic and social development cannot be maintained without securing accessible, acceptable, and affordable energy supply. Geopolitical competition increases struggle over resources especially in energy transitional periods although energy dialogues continue. Therefore, the international energy policies, laws, institutions, and implementations of major countries will be examined thoroughly in a comparative manner.

PSIR 424  The Political Economy and Geography of Energy

The course will explore the complexity of the global energy and environmental system, focusing on the modern political and economic rules regulating it, understanding the role of geography of states in energy markets, the current and possible impact of environmental concerns with an in-depth analysis of the fundamentals of the energy geopolitics, political geography and global political economy.

PSIR 426  Cosmopolitanism and Global Justice

This course explores the concepts of “right” and “justice” in a global context. We will examine theoretical arguments on the following topics: (1) the moral foundations of cosmopolitanism, (2) the rights of noncitizens and the problem of the legitimacy of borders, (3) theories of global justice, and (4) the possibility of democracy beyond borders.

PSIR 428  Modernity and Its Critics

The experiences of totalitarianism, genocide and the Holocaust; the pathologies of capitalism and imperialism; the paradoxes of the nation-state and the destructive forces of global technology—all these have led many thinkers and scholars to question the promises and failures of modern society. Some philosophers have gone so far as to announce the ‘end of modernity’, claiming that the grand narratives of Enlightenment and progress are no longer convincing. There have also been some other philosophers who claim that modernity represents an unfinished project, and that we can only criticise the pathologies of modern society by reconsidering and reconstructing the ‘Enlightenment project’. The main premise of this course is that the political and philosophical discourse of modernity involves oppositions and alternatives, tensions and possibilities. To see the full complexity of modernity, both its dangers and richness, is to see how partial are some of our one-sided judgements about it. The course will focus on the paradoxes of the two dominant institutional agents of modern society: the market and the nation-state. Large areas of our lives are subject to their homogenising imperatives—some of which have led to many social pathologies (such as alienation and commodificiation) as well as moral and political injustice (such as the suppression and deportation of ‘unwanted’ ethnic, linguistic and religious minorities). The course will take the form of a thematically organized reading of some of the most influential figures of social and political thought—including Karl Marx, Herbert Marcuse, Carl Schmitt, Jacques Derrida, Paul Ricoeur, Raphael Lemkin, Hannah Arendt and Jürgen Habermas. Among the themes to be investigated are concepts such as alienation, ideology, state sovereignty, genocide, revolution, civil disobedience, nation-state and secularism.

PSIR 430  Post-Soviet Politics

The course will be divided into (1) historical background of the Soviet system and its legacy (2) the specific case studies of the different regions of the former Soviet Union geography (3) literature on transition and change (what does “transition” imply and condition? where are these regimes going? how can one analyze that process and its varied paths?) Students will be exposed to literature on advanced democracies (the new EU members from the Baltic states), regime transition, democratization (including “illusions” and lack of consolidation), comparative political economy (e.g., privatization, marketization, dismantling welfare and developmentalist states, and liberalization in a global context), nationalism and ethnic conflict, and changing class structures, mentalities, and gender relations.

PSIR 432  European Economic and Monetary Integration

This course is designed as an introduction to EU's political economy.

PSIR 434  Minority Politics

The course is designed as to refine student’s training in political science through the analytical exploration of minority politics with a focus on European developments. That is mainly because the emergence and subsequent evolution of minority rights cannot be separated from the modern European political history. The two World Wars in particular have marked the evolution of European states and of their understanding of ethnic, linguistic and religious minorities. As a result, Europe represents nowadays a space where minority politics has become highly complex, with international organisations such as the Council of Europe, OSCE and the EU being deeply involved. The students are expected (1) to read the assignments, (2) get involved in the debates (seminars) on the course themes and produce presentations on those themes, (3) internalise analytically the information provided throughout the course and in academic bibliography, and (4) produce coherent answers to relevant questions in the midterm and final exams.

PSIR 436  Nationalism and Identity Politics

The course is designed as to refine student’s training in the theoretical fields of political science through the analytical exploration of theories of nationalism and identity politics. Special attention is given to major accounts, such as in the relevant works by Anthony D. Smith, Ernst Gellner, Anthony Giddens, Benedict Anderson and others. The students are expected to (1) attend all classes, (2) read the assignments, (3) prepare presentations on the given themes, and (4) prepare for the exams as guided by the instructor.

PSIR 438  Governance in the European Union

(1) An explanation of the three main dimensions of legitimate governance: social legitimacy, input legitimacy and output legitimacy. (2) An assessment to which extent these three dimensions are fulfilled in the EU. (3) A discussion if/how the three dimensions of legitimate governance can be improved at the EU level. (4) A special focus on the added value of EU governance for the citizens: What are the benefits/disadvantages/challenges of different EU policies? (5) Train effective presentation techniques. Therefore, parts of the course will be allocated to the student presentations. Subsequently students receive in class a longer feedback of the instructor

PSIR 440  Policymaking in the European Union

(1) Examination of theories and analytical approaches of policy making: Who are the relevant actors? How do they interact? What factors shape their preferences? How are they constrained by institutional and normative factors? (2) Application of these concepts/questions to a selection of policies. (3) Train effective presentation techniques. Therefore, parts of the course will be allocated to the student presentations. Subsequently students receive in class a longer feedback of the instructor.

PSIR 442  Citizenship, Multiculturalism and Democracy

What is democratic citizenship, and why does it matter? In this semester, we will specifically concentrate on some of the promises and dilemmas of contemporary democracies. The course is divided into two parts, aiming to explore key debates and a wide range of topics in democratic politics. In Part I, particular attention will be paid to the following questions: What is the relationship between democracy and liberty? Do democracy and liberty conflict? If so, how and why? Or do democracy and liberty mutually reinforce one another? What role does active citizenship play in democratic politics? Is pluralism a challenge to democratic life and peaceful coexistence? Are there different models of democracy? Are struggles for recognition vital for democratic politics? Is there a tension between universal human rights and multiculturalism? Is patriotism compatible with constitutional democracy? Part II is primarily devoted to an analysis of the themes of collective responsibility, coming to terms with the past, and collective memory. We will raise a set of difficult and important questions such as: Do contemporary democracies have a duty to come to terms with genocidal pasts and historical traumas? What is genocide? Why are collective identities usually constructed on extremely selective representations of the past which affirm the founding/national myths and suppress memories of collective injustice? What is the relationship between democracy and coming to terms with the past? In Part II, we will also pay some attention to one of the major dilemmas confronting democratic politics, namely populism, as well as to the growing significance attached to the practice of civil disobedience in contemporary democracies. What is the meaning of civil disobedience, and does it have a role to play in democratic politics? Is populism a challenge to democratic politics? We will pursue these themes and consider these questions as they appear in the writings of Tocqueville, Hannah Arendt, John Rawls, Jürgen Habermas, Charles Taylor, Paul Ricoeur, Jan-Werner Müller, and Duncan Bell. In addition to examining the perspectives of these thinkers and authors on their own terms, we will put them in conversation with one other and try to understand the ways in which they shed light on the fundamental political problems that confront us in the contemporary world.

PSIR 446  Political Participation and Public Opinion

This course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge needed to analyze shifts in public opinion and political participation in Turkey. The course will also show students how to analyze and measure opinion with surveys.

PSIR 450  International Security

The course will dwell upon first the conceptual and theoretical foundations so as to prepare the ground for the study and analysis of the principle issues and problems of international security. This would be followed by the review and analysis of current and future security issues, challenges and problems. The methodology would be lecturer’s presentation and explanations intermingled with class participation and discussion. The students would be expected to read the reading assignments identified for each week before coming to class. They would be expected to participate in class discussions and respond to the questions relating to the reading material.

PSIR 460  Balkan Politics

The course is designed as to refine student’s training in the theoretical fields of IR and European studies through familiarisation with political developments in the Balkan region. The students are expected to (1) attend all classes, (2) read the assignments, (3) get involved in the debates on the course themes, and (4) produce correct answers addressing topics in the exams.

PSIR 470  Contemporary Political Theory

The course pays particular attention to the disputes (within modern and contemporary political theory) about freedom, justice, constitutional democracy, liberal toleration, civil disobedience and cosmopolitanism. Among the thinkers to be read are Isaiah Berlin, Hannah Arendt, John Rawls, Jürgen Habermas, Jacques Derrida.

PSIR 480  Gender Politics

Gendered experiences in different areas of political life, for example in representation, political participation, women’s organizations, mobilization and women’s crucial role in development will be discussed in a critical manner. Gender is also an area in which political struggle and economic inequality between countries is reflected upon. Examples from different countries will illustrate the implications of global power dynamics and global division of labor.

PSIR 490  Environmental Politics

Environmental problems and crises grow in number everyday. Thus, civil society, international organizations and states take related decisions that might affect people’s lifes. This course will deal with such decisions, their consequences.

PSIR 495  EU Environmental Policy

This course provides an introduction to the EU environmental policy and politics. After an overview of the policy making process in the EU, key areas of EU’s environmental policy will be presented (e.g. air and water policy, waste policy, climate policy, de-carbonization of transport, sustainable city management). In each area, first, the main underlying environmental problems will be analyzed, and, second, the achievements and challenges of EU policies will be assessed. A special focus will lie on the role of the EU as international actor. Furthermore, effective presentation techniques and the structuring of term papers will be trained. Therefore, parts of the course will be allocated to the student presentations. Subsequently, students will receive further feedback from the instructor in class.

SBUI 480  Introduction to Gender and Women’s Studies

Introduction to Gender and Women’s Studies will begin by introducing the concept of “gender” and how this concept is socially constructed. By focusing on topics such as politics, the economy, public and private spheres the course will aim to discover how these gender differences impact the lives, livelihood and constraints faced by the different genders in today’s world.